EPEAT Criteria

Overview

EPEAT-registered electronics meet dozens of environmental measures referred to as “criteria.” All of the criteria used in EPEAT are based on ANSI-approved public standards that provide technical details and specify how manufacturers must demonstrate compliance. Each EPEAT product category is based on a different stakeholder consensus standard, though each includes criteria that address the product’s entire lifecycle, from design, reduction of toxics and product longevity to energy conservation, end-of-life management and packaging. The standard underlying each EPEAT product category is as follows:

  • PCs and Displays (IEEE 1680.1)
  • Imaging Equipment (IEEE 1680.2)
  • Televisions (IEEE 1680.3)
  • Mobile Phones (UL110)
  • Servers (NSF 426)

Products in these three categories are also subject to the 1680 “umbrella standard,” which describes how products are registered, how they are rated, how registration by country operates, and how product declarations are verified.

Most EPEAT criteria apply to the characteristics of individual products, though some apply to corporate programs. EPEAT also includes a variety of service-related criteria. The latter type of criteria focus on the takeback and responsible recycling of products, packaging and batteries, as well as the provision of extended warranties and other support services that can significantly extend product life and reduce environmental impact.

Products are measured against both Required and Optional criteria. To be included in EPEAT at the Bronze level, a product must, at a minimum, meet all of the Required criteria in its category. EPEAT Silver-rated products must meet all Required criteria and at least 50% of the Optional criteria. EPEAT Gold-rated products must meet all Required criteria and at least 75% of the Optional criteria.

If design, service or supply-chain changes enable a manufacturer to meet additional criteria for registered products, those updates should be reflected in EPEAT so manufacturers can show purchasers their ongoing progress to develop environmentally preferable products, and so purchasers have access to up-to-date product information. Similarly, if changes cause a manufacturer to be unable to meet a previously declared criterion, those updates should also be reflected in EPEAT to maintain accuracy.

The method by which the Green Electronics Council evaluates new standards for inclusion in EPEAT is based on the Qualification of Standards for the EPEAT Registry. Once adopted, GEC will follow the New Standard Implementation Model to activate the new EPEAT product categories.

Visit this page for an outline of GEC’s general process and timeline for implementing new and revised standards in EPEAT and for anticipated timelines specific to the UL 110 Standard for Mobile Phones, the IEEE/NSF Server Standard, and the IEEE 1680.1 Standard Revision for Personal Computers.

PC and Displays

NOTE: The IEEE 1680 and 1680.1 standards on which the EPEAT PCs and Display category is based contain essential information that is not available on this web site. It is necessary to own a copy of the IEEE 1680 and 1680.1 standards in order to declare a product. Manufacturers may purchase the standard by visiting TechStreet and searching for “IEEE 1680.” Please note: criteria are marked with an ‘R’ or an ‘O’ in their title to indicate whether they are Required or Optional.

4.1 Reduction/elimination of environmentally sensitive materials

R  4.1.1.1 Compliance with provisions of European RoHS Directive upon its effective date

O 4.1.2.1 Elimination of intentionally added cadmium

R 4.1.3.1 Reporting on amount of mercury used in light sources (mg)

O 4.1.3.2 Low threshold for amount of mercury used in light sources

O 4.1.3.3 Elimination of intentionally added mercury used in light sources

O 4.1.4.1 Elimination of intentionally added lead in certain applications

O 4.1.5.1 Elimination of intentionally added hexavalent chromium

R 4.1.6.1 Elimination of intentionally added SCCP flame retardants and plasticizers in certain applications

O 4.1.6.2 Large plastic parts free of certain flame retardants classified under European Council Directive 67/548/EEC

O 4.1.7.1 Batteries free of lead, cadmium and mercury

O 4.1.8.1 Large plastic parts free of PVC

4.2 Materials selection

R 4.2.1.1 Declaration of postconsumer recycled plastic content (%)

O 4.2.1.2 Minimum content of postconsumer recycled plastic

O 4.2.1.3 Higher content of postconsumer recycled plastic

R 4.2.2.1 Declaration of renewable/bio-based plastic materials content (%)

O 4.2.2.2 Minimum content of renewable/bio-based plastic material

R 4.2.3.1 Declaration of product weight (lbs)

4.3 Design for end of life

R 4.3.1.1 Identification of materials with special handling needs

R 4.3.1.2 Elimination of paints or coatings that are not compatible with recycling or reuse

R 4.3.1.3 Easy disassembly of external enclosure

R 4.3.1.4 Marking of plastic components

R 4.3.1.5 Identification and removal of components containing hazardous materials

O 4.3.1.6 Reduced number of plastic material types

O 4.3.1.7 Molded/glued in metal eliminated or removable

R 4.3.1.8 Minimum 65 percent reusable/recyclable

O 4.3.1.9 Minimum 90 percent reusable/recyclable

O 4.3.2.1 Manual separation of plastics

O 4.3.2.2 Marking of plastics

4.4 Product longevity/life cycle extension

R 4.4.1.1 Availability of additional three year warranty or service agreement

R 4.4.2.1 Upgradeable with common tools

O 4.4.2.2 Modular design

O 4.4.3.1 Availability of replacement parts

4.5 Energy conservation

R 4.5.1.1 ENERGY STAR®

O 4.5.1.2 Early adoption of new ENERGY STAR® specification

O 4.5.2.1 Renewable energy accessory available

O 4.5.2.2 Renewable energy accessory standard

4.6 End of life management

R 4.6.1.1 Provision of product take-back service

O 4.6.1.2 Auditing of recycling vendors

R 4.6.2.1 Provision of rechargeable battery take-back service

4.7 Corporate performance

R 4.7.1.1 Demonstration of corporate environmental policy consistent with ISO 14001

R 4.7.2.1 Self-certified environmental management system for design and manufacturing organizations

O 4.7.2.2 Third-party certified environmental management system for design and manufacturing organizations

R 4.7.3.1 Corporate report consistent with Performance Track or GRI

O 4.7.3.2 Corporate report based on GRI

4.8 Packaging

R 4.8.1.1 Reduction/elimination of intentionally added toxics in packaging

R 4.8.2.1 Separable packing materials

O 4.8.2.2 Packaging 90% recyclable and plastics labeled

R 4.8.3.1 Declaration of recycled content in packaging

O 4.8.3.2 Minimum postconsumer content guidelines

O 4.8.4.1 Provision of take-back program for packaging

O 4.8.5.1 Documentation of reusable packaging

Imaging Equipment

NOTE: The IEEE 1680 and 1680.2 standards on which the EPEAT PCs and Display category is based contain essential information that is not available on this web site. It is necessary to own a copy of the IEEE 1680 and 1680.2 standards in order to declare a product. Manufacturers may purchase the standard by visiting TechStreet and searching for “IEEE 1680.” Please note: criteria are marked with an ‘R’ or an ‘O’ in their title to indicate whether they are Required or Optional.

4.1 Reduction/elimination of environmentally sensitive material

R 4.1.1.1 Compliance with provisions of European RoHS Directive

O 4.1.2.1 Further reduction of the use of EU RoHS Directive hazardous substances (cadmium)

R 4.1.3.1 Reporting on amount of mercury in light sources

O 4.1.3.2 Use of non-mercury containing light sources

O 4.1.4.1 Reduction of substances on the EU REACH Candidate List of SVHCs

R 4.1.5.1 Compliance with provisions of EU Battery Directive

R 4.1.6.1 Reducing BFR/CFR/PVC content of external plastic casings

O 4.1.6.2 Eliminating or reducing BFR/CFR content of printed circuit board laminates

O 4.1.6.3 Eliminating or reducing BFR/CFR/PVC content of product

O 4.1.7.1 Reduce fluorinated gas emissions resulting from flat panel display manufacturing

O 4.1.8.1 Inventory of intentionally added chemicals residing in the product

4.2 Materials selection

R 4.2.1.1 Declaration of postconsumer recycled plastic content

R 4.2.1.2 Minimum content of postconsumer recycled plastic

O 4.2.1.3 Minimum 5% to 10% content of postconsumer recycled plastic

O 4.2.1.4 Minimum 25% content of postconsumer recycled plastic

R 4.2.2.1 Declaration of biobased plastic materials content

O 4.2.2.2 Minimum content of biobased plastic material

R 4.2.3.1 Declaration of product weight

4.3 Design for end of life

R 4.3.1.1 Ease of disassembly of product

O 4.3.1.2 Ease of disassembly of consumer products

R 4.3.2.1 Use of single recyclable plastic type per plastic part

R 4.3.2.2 Restriction on materials not compatible with reuse and recycling

R 4.3.2.3 Manual separation and marking of plastics

R 4.3.3.1 Notification regarding the identification of both materials and components that have hazardous characteristics or special handling needs

R 4.3.4.1 Preparation of product end-of-life characterization report

R 4.3.4.2 Minimum reusable/recyclable rate based on requirements of EU WEEE Directive

O 4.3.4.3 Minimum 90% reusable/recyclable

4.4 Product longevity/life cycle extension

R 4.4.1.1 Early failure process

O 4.4.2.1 Product upgradeability

R 4.4.3.1 Spare parts

4.5 Energy conservation

R 4.5.1.1 ENERGY STAR®

O 4.5.2.1 Product specific greenhouse gas emissions—life-cycle assessment

O 4.5.2.2 Product specific greenhouse gas emissions—third-party verification or making LCA assessment publicly available

R 4.5.3.1 Standby power level ≤ 1W and disclosure

O 4.5.3.2 Auto standby capability

O 4.5.4.1 Default to automatic duplex printing

4.6 End of life management

R 4.6.1.1 Provision of product take-back service

O 4.6.1.2 Provision of take-back service for broader scope of products

R 4.6.2.1 End-of-life processing requirements

O 4.6.2.2 Certification of programs exempt from end-of-life processing requirements

4.7 Corporate performance

R 4.7.1.1 Self-declared environmental management system for design and manufacturing organizations

O 4.7.1.2 Third-party certified environmental management system for design and manufacturing organizations

R 4.7.2.1 Public disclosure of key environmental aspects

O 4.7.2.2 Public disclosure of supply chain toxics

O 4.7.3.1 Product life-cycle assessment and public disclosure of analyses

4.8 Packaging

R 4.8.1.1 Elimination of intentionally added heavy metals in packaging

R 4.8.1.2 Elimination of elemental chlorine as a bleaching agent in packaging material

R 4.8.2.1 Separable packaging materials

O 4.8.2.2 Packaging 90% compostable/recyclable

R 4.8.2.3 Plastics marked in packaging materials

R 4.8.3.1 Recovered content in select fiber-based packaging materials

O 4.8.4.1 Provision of take-back service for packaging

4.9 Consumables

R 4.9.1.1 Allow use of general office paper with renewable content, recycled content, and that is chlorine free

R 4.9.2.1 Allow use of non-manufacturer cartridges and non-manufacturer containers

R 4.9.3.1 Provision of take-back and end-of-life management for cartridges and containers

O 4.9.3.2 Manufacturer recycles or reuses toner material collected through its cartridge and container take-back program

O 4.9.3.3 Manufacturer recycles or reuses plastics collected through its cartridge and container take-back program

R 4.9.4.1 Documentation that the cartridge or container is not designed to prevent its reuse and recycling

4.10 Indoor air quality

R 4.10.1.1 Indoor air quality emissions requirements

Televisions

NOTE: The IEEE 1680 and 1680.3 standards on which the EPEAT PCs and Display category is based contain essential information that is not available on this web site. It is necessary to own a copy of the IEEE 1680 and 1680.3 standards in order to declare a product. Manufacturers may purchase the standard by visiting TechStreet and searching for “IEEE 1680.” Please note: criteria are marked with an ‘R’ or an ‘O’ in their title to indicate whether they are Required or Optional.

4.1 Reduction of use of hazardous substances

R 4.1.1.1 Compliance with provisions of European Union (EU) RoHS Directive

O 4.1.2.1 Further reduction of the use of EU RoHS Directive hazardous substances (cadmium)

R 4.1.3.1 Reporting on amount of mercury in light sources

O 4.1.3.2 Use of non-mercury containing light sources

O 4.1.4.1 Further reduction of the use of EU RoHS Directive hazardous substances (lead)

O 4.1.5.1 Reduction of substances on the EU REACH Candidate List of SVHCs

R 4.1.6.1 Compliance with provisions of EU Battery Directive

O 4.1.7.1 Reducing BFR/CFR/PVC content of external plastic casings

O 4.1.7.2 Eliminating or reducing BFR/CFR content of printed circuit board laminates

O 4.1.7.3 Eliminating or reducing BFR/CFR/PVC content of product

O 4.1.8.1 Reduce fluorinated gas emissions resulting from flat panel display manufacturing

O 4.1.9.1 Inventory of intentionally added chemicals residing in the product

4.2 Materials selection

R 4.2.1.1 Declaration of postconsumer recycled plastic content

O 4.2.1.2 Minimum 5% to 10% content of postconsumer recycled plastic

O 4.2.1.3 Minimum 25% content of postconsumer recycled plastic

R 4.2.2.1 Declaration of biobased plastic materials content

O 4.2.2.2 Minimum content of biobased plastic material

R 4.2.3.1 Declaration of product weight

4.3 Design for end of life

R 4.3.1.1 Ease of disassembly of product

O 4.3.2.1 One recyclable plastic type per rigid plastic part > 25g

R 4.3.2.2 Plastic markings

O 4.3.2.3 Manual separation of plastics for recycling

O 4.3.2.4 Molded/glued-in metal eliminated or removable

R 4.3.2.5 Restriction on materials not compatible with reuse and recycling

R 4.3.3.1 Notification regarding and the identification of materials and components with special handling needs

O 4.3.3.2 Marking provided on the product identifying items containing materials with special handling needs

R 4.3.4.1 Minimum reusable/recyclable rate based on EU WEEE Directive

O 4.3.4.2 Minimum 90% reusable/recyclable

O 4.3.4.3 Preparation of end-of-life characterization report

4.4 Product longevity/life cycle extension

R 4.4.1.1 Upgradeable firmware

R 4.4.2.1 Service information readily available

R 4.4.3.1 Early failure process

4.5 Energy conservation

R 4.5.1.1 Compliance with current ENERGY STAR® specification

O 4.5.1.2 On Mode power performance exceeding ENERGY STAR®

O 4.5.2.1 Additional On Mode power performance exceeding ENERGY STAR®

O 4.5.2.2 Low standby power

O 4.5.2.3 Automatic switch to sleep mode

4.6 End of life management

R 4.6.1.1 Provision of product take-back service

O 4.6.1.2 Provision of take-back service for broader scope of products

R 4.6.2.1 End-of-life processing requirements

O 4.6.2.2 Certification of programs exempt from end-of-life processing requirements

4.7 Corporate performance

R 4.7.1.1 Self-declared environmental management system for design and manufacturing organizations

O 4.7.1.2 Third-party certified environmental management system for design and manufacturing organizations

R 4.7.2.1 Public disclosure of key environmental aspects

O 4.7.2.2 Public disclosure of supply chain toxics

O 4.7.3.1 Product life-cycle assessment and public disclosure of analyses

4.8 Packaging

R 4.8.1.1 Elimination of intentionally added heavy metals in packaging

R 4.8.1.2 Elimination of elemental chlorine as a bleaching agent in packaging material

R 4.8.2.1 Separable packaging materials

O 4.8.2.2 Packaging 90% compostable/recyclable

R 4.8.2.3 Plastics marked in packaging materials

R 4.8.3.1 Recovered content in select fiber-based packaging materials

O 4.8.4.1 Provision of take-back service for packaging

Mobile Phones

NOTE: Standards on which the EPEAT Mobile Phones category is based contain essential information that is not available on this web site. A downloadable copy of the UL 110 Standard for Sustainability for Mobile Phones is available on this page and a downloadable copy of the verification requirements can be found here.

Please note: criteria are marked with an ‘R’ or an ‘O’ in their title to indicate whether they are Required or Optional.

7. Supply Chain Management of Materials

R  7.1.1 Compliance with the European Union REACH Regulation

O 7.2.1 Reduction of European Union REACH Candidate SVHC Substances

O 7.3.1 Substitutions assessment

O 7.4.1 Requesting substance inventory

O 7.4.2 Recieving substance inventory

8. Sustainable Materials Use

R 8.1.1 Declaration of post-consumer recycled and biobased plastics content

O 8.1.2 Post-consumer recycled plastic and biobased plastic content in the mobile phone

O 8.1.3 Post-consumer recycled plastic and biobased plastic content in accessories

9. Substances of Concern

R 9.1.1 Compliance with the European Union RoHS Directive

R 9.2.1 Restrictions of extractable nickel

O 9.2.2 Restrictions of DEHP, DBP, and BBP product

O 9.2.3 Restriction of bromine and chlorine

R 9.2.4 Restriction of cadmium and mercury in the mobile phone battery cell

R 9.2.5 Restriction of substances in textile and leather

10. Energy Use Requirements

R 10.1.1 Battery charger systems

O 10.1.2 Reduction of energy consumption of battery charging systems

R 10.1.3 External power supply energy efficiency

O  10.1.4 Reduced maintenance mode power

11. End of Life Management

R 11.1.1 Take-back program

R 11.2.1 Primary recyclers third party certified

R 11.3.1 Battery removability/replacement by qualified repair service providers or authorized repair providers

O  11.3.2 Battery removability/replacement instructions

O  11.3.3 Battery removability/replacement without use of tools

R 11.4.1 Ease of disassembling mobile phone

O 11.4.2 Further ease of disassembling mobile phone

R 11.5.1 Feature to erase user data from mobile phone

R 11.6.1 Repair and refurbishment

O 11.6.2 Further repair and refurbishment

R 11.7.1 Availability of replacement parts

R 11.8.1 Notification regarding and the identification of materials and components requiring selective treatment

12. Packaging

O  12.1.1 Use of recyclable fiber based packaging materials

R  12.2.1 Separability and labeling of plastics in packaging

O 12.3.1 Use of post-consumer recycled plastic packaging

R 12.4.1 Expanded polystyrene packaging (EPS) restriction

R 12.5.1 Recycled content in fiber packaging

O 12.6.1 Environmentally preferable paper/paperboard in POS packaging

O 12.6.2 Environmentally preferable paper/paperboard for printed content

R  12.7.1 Restriction of chlorine in packaging materials

R 12.8.1 Heavy metal restriction in packaging

O  12.9.1 Improve packaging efficiency

13. Corporate Sustainability

R 13.1.1 Corporate sustainability (CS) reporting

O 13.2.1 Corporate sustainability (CS) reporting in the supply chain

O 13.3.1 Third party assurance of corporate sustainability (CS) reporting

14. Life Cycle Assessment

O  14.1.1 Conducting a life cycle assessment

O  14.2.1 Product LCA third-party verification of making LCA publicly available

15. Supply Chain Impacts

O 15.1.1 Supplier responsibility

R 15.2.1 Final assembly facilities environmental management system

O  15.2.2 Supplier production facilities environmental management system

R 15.3.1 Conflict minerals public disclosure

O  15.4.1 Reduce fluorinated gas emissions resulting from flat panel display manufacturing

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