Criteria

Overview

EPEAT®-registered electronic products meet environmental measures referred to as criteria. All of the criteria used in EPEAT are based on ANSI-approved public standards, which provide technical details for every criterion and specify how a manufacturer must demonstrate compliance.*

EPEAT’s three current categories are based on the IEEE 1680 family of Environmental Assessment Standards. This includes the “umbrella standard,” which describes how products are registered by declaring their compliance to specific criteria, how they are rated based on the criteria they meet, how registration by country operates and how product declarations are verified. The related product standards 1680.1, 1680.2, and 1680.3 contain the specific criteria for “PCs and PC Displays,” “Imaging Equipment,” and “Televisions,” respectively, upon which EPEAT registration and ratings are currently based.

As standards for new product categories are published by standards bodies, the Green Electronics Council will consider adopting them as the basis for expanded EPEAT coverage of additional product types. The method by which the Green Electronics Council will evaluate these standards is based on the Qualification of Standards for the EPEAT Registry. Once adopted, EPEAT will follow the New Standard Implementation Model to activate the new product categories on the EPEAT Registry.

* For more information about standards and their development, or if you are a manufacturer currently looking to register a product in EPEAT and need to purchase the required environmental standard for one of the existing three EPEAT categories, please visit www.techstreet.com and search for “IEEE 1680” to find the family of standards that underlie current EPEAT ratings.

How products qualify for EPEAT

Products are measured against both required and optional criteria. A product must meet all of the required criteria in its category to be added to the registry. It is then rated Bronze, Silver or Gold depending on how many of the optional criteria it meets. Bronze-rated products meet all required criteria, Silver-rated products meet all required criteria and at least 50% of the optional criteria, and Gold-rated products meet all required criteria and at least 75% of the optional criteria.

What the criteria cover

EPEAT considers several categories of environmental attributes that cover the full lifecycle of electronic products. The “PC and Displays,” “Imaging Equipment,” and “Televisions” standards address:

  • Reduction/elimination of environmentally sensitive materials
  • Material selection
  • Design for end of life
  • Product longevity/life extension
  • Energy conservation
  • End-of-life management
  • Corporate performance
  • Packaging
  • Consumables (unique to Imaging Equipment standard)
  • Indoor Air Quality (unique to Imaging Equipment standard)

Most EPEAT criteria apply to the characteristics of individual products. For example, one criterion specifies that the product being registered contains no intentionally added cadmium. This type of criterion must be declared for each registered product.

Other criteria apply to corporate programs. For example, a manufacturer must demonstrate the public availability of a written corporate environmental policy consistent with ISO 14001. In order for their products to remain active in the registry, manufacturers must declare annually that all required corporate-level criteria are still being met.

Finally, EPEAT also includes a variety of service-related criteria. These focus on the takeback and responsible recycling of products, packaging and batteries, as well as the provision of extended warranties and other support services that can significantly extend product life and reduce environmental impact.

If changes to design, services or supply chains enable a manufacturer to meet additional criteria for  registered products, EPEAT encourages the manufacturer to declare those additions. This enables manufacturers to take full advantage of their efforts to develop environmentally preferable products and helps ensure buyers have access to up-to-date ratings information for products in the registry. Similarly, if changes cause a manufacturer to be unable to meet a previously declared criterion, the manufacturer must update its declarations to eliminate that criterion to maintain accuracy.

PC and Displays

NOTE: EPEAT®‘s rating system is based on public standards developed in a consensus based process. The IEEE 1680 and 1680.1 standards on which the EPEAT PCs and Display category is based contain essential information that is not available on this web site. It is necessary to own a copy of the IEEE 1680 and 1680.1 standards in order to declare a product. You can purchase the standard at TechStreet.

Please note – criteria are marked with an ‘R’ or an ‘O’ in their title to indicate whether they are Required or Optional.

4.1 Reduction/elimination of environmentally sensitive materials

R  4.1.1.1 Compliance with provisions of European RoHS Directive upon its effective date

O 4.1.2.1 Elimination of intentionally added cadmium

R 4.1.3.1 Reporting on amount of mercury used in light sources (mg)

O 4.1.3.2 Low threshold for amount of mercury used in light sources

O 4.1.3.3 Elimination of intentionally added mercury used in light sources

O 4.1.4.1 Elimination of intentionally added lead in certain applications

O 4.1.5.1 Elimination of intentionally added hexavalent chromium

R 4.1.6.1 Elimination of intentionally added SCCP flame retardants and plasticizers in certain applications

O 4.1.6.2 Large plastic parts free of certain flame retardants classified under European Council Directive 67/548/EEC

O 4.1.7.1 Batteries free of lead, cadmium and mercury

O 4.1.8.1 Large plastic parts free of PVC

4.2 Materials selection

R 4.2.1.1 Declaration of postconsumer recycled plastic content (%)

O 4.2.1.2 Minimum content of postconsumer recycled plastic

O 4.2.1.3 Higher content of postconsumer recycled plastic

R 4.2.2.1 Declaration of renewable/bio-based plastic materials content (%)

O 4.2.2.2 Minimum content of renewable/bio-based plastic material

R 4.2.3.1 Declaration of product weight (lbs)

4.3 Design for end of life

R 4.3.1.1 Identification of materials with special handling needs

R 4.3.1.2 Elimination of paints or coatings that are not compatible with recycling or reuse

R 4.3.1.3 Easy disassembly of external enclosure

R 4.3.1.4 Marking of plastic components

R 4.3.1.5 Identification and removal of components containing hazardous materials

O 4.3.1.6 Reduced number of plastic material types

O 4.3.1.7 Molded/glued in metal eliminated or removable

R 4.3.1.8 Minimum 65 percent reusable/recyclable

O 4.3.1.9 Minimum 90 percent reusable/recyclable

O 4.3.2.1 Manual separation of plastics

O 4.3.2.2 Marking of plastics

4.4 Product longevity/life cycle extension

R 4.4.1.1 Availability of additional three year warranty or service agreement

R 4.4.2.1 Upgradeable with common tools

O 4.4.2.2 Modular design

O 4.4.3.1 Availability of replacement parts

4.5 Energy conservation

R 4.5.1.1 ENERGY STAR®

O 4.5.1.2 Early adoption of new ENERGY STAR® specification

O 4.5.2.1 Renewable energy accessory available

O 4.5.2.2 Renewable energy accessory standard

4.6 End of life management

R 4.6.1.1 Provision of product take-back service

O 4.6.1.2 Auditing of recycling vendors

R 4.6.2.1 Provision of rechargeable battery take-back service

4.7 Corporate performance

R 4.7.1.1 Demonstration of corporate environmental policy consistent with ISO 14001

R 4.7.2.1 Self-certified environmental management system for design and manufacturing organizations

O 4.7.2.2 Third-party certified environmental management system for design and manufacturing organizations

R 4.7.3.1 Corporate report consistent with Performance Track or GRI

O 4.7.3.2 Corporate report based on GRI

4.8 Packaging

R 4.8.1.1 Reduction/elimination of intentionally added toxics in packaging

R 4.8.2.1 Separable packing materials

O 4.8.2.2 Packaging 90% recyclable and plastics labeled

R 4.8.3.1 Declaration of recycled content in packaging

O 4.8.3.2 Minimum postconsumer content guidelines

O 4.8.4.1 Provision of take-back program for packaging

O 4.8.5.1 Documentation of reusable packaging

Imaging Equipment

NOTE: EPEAT®’s rating system is based on public standards developed in a consensus based process. The IEEE 1680 and 1680.2 standards on which the EPEAT Imaging Equipment category is based contain essential information that is not available on this web site. It is necessary to own a copy of the IEEE 1680 and 1680.2 standards in order to declare a product. You can purchase the standard at TechStreet.

Please note – criteria are marked with an ‘R’ or an ‘O’ in their title to indicate whether they are Required or Optional.

4.1 Reduction/elimination of environmentally sensitive material

R 4.1.1.1 Compliance with provisions of European RoHS Directive

O 4.1.2.1 Further reduction of the use of EU RoHS Directive hazardous substances (cadmium)

R 4.1.3.1 Reporting on amount of mercury in light sources

O 4.1.3.2 Use of non-mercury containing light sources

O 4.1.4.1 Reduction of substances on the EU REACH Candidate List of SVHCs

R 4.1.5.1 Compliance with provisions of EU Battery Directive

R 4.1.6.1 Reducing BFR/CFR/PVC content of external plastic casings

O 4.1.6.2 Eliminating or reducing BFR/CFR content of printed circuit board laminates

O 4.1.6.3 Eliminating or reducing BFR/CFR/PVC content of product

O 4.1.7.1 Reduce fluorinated gas emissions resulting from flat panel display manufacturing

O 4.1.8.1 Inventory of intentionally added chemicals residing in the product

4.2 Materials selection

R 4.2.1.1 Declaration of postconsumer recycled plastic content

R 4.2.1.2 Minimum content of postconsumer recycled plastic

O 4.2.1.3 Minimum 5% to 10% content of postconsumer recycled plastic

O 4.2.1.4 Minimum 25% content of postconsumer recycled plastic

R 4.2.2.1 Declaration of biobased plastic materials content

O 4.2.2.2 Minimum content of biobased plastic material

R 4.2.3.1 Declaration of product weight

4.3 Design for end of life

R 4.3.1.1 Ease of disassembly of product

O 4.3.1.2 Ease of disassembly of consumer products

R 4.3.2.1 Use of single recyclable plastic type per plastic part

R 4.3.2.2 Restriction on materials not compatible with reuse and recycling

R 4.3.2.3 Manual separation and marking of plastics

R 4.3.3.1 Notification regarding the identification of both materials and components that have hazardous characteristics or special handling needs

R 4.3.4.1 Preparation of product end-of-life characterization report

R 4.3.4.2 Minimum reusable/recyclable rate based on requirements of EU WEEE Directive

O 4.3.4.3 Minimum 90% reusable/recyclable

4.4 Product longevity/life cycle extension

R 4.4.1.1 Early failure process

O 4.4.2.1 Product upgradeability

R 4.4.3.1 Spare parts

4.5 Energy conservation

R 4.5.1.1 ENERGY STAR®

O 4.5.2.1 Product specific greenhouse gas emissions—life-cycle assessment

O 4.5.2.2 Product specific greenhouse gas emissions—third-party verification or making LCA assessment publicly available

R 4.5.3.1 Standby power level ≤ 1W and disclosure

O 4.5.3.2 Auto standby capability

O 4.5.4.1 Default to automatic duplex printing

4.6 End of life management

R 4.6.1.1 Provision of product take-back service

O 4.6.1.2 Provision of take-back service for broader scope of products

R 4.6.2.1 End-of-life processing requirements

O 4.6.2.2 Certification of programs exempt from end-of-life processing requirements

4.7 Corporate performance

R 4.7.1.1 Self-declared environmental management system for design and manufacturing organizations

O 4.7.1.2 Third-party certified environmental management system for design and manufacturing organizations

R 4.7.2.1 Public disclosure of key environmental aspects

O 4.7.2.2 Public disclosure of supply chain toxics

O 4.7.3.1 Product life-cycle assessment and public disclosure of analyses

4.8 Packaging

R 4.8.1.1 Elimination of intentionally added heavy metals in packaging

R 4.8.1.2 Elimination of elemental chlorine as a bleaching agent in packaging material

R 4.8.2.1 Separable packaging materials

O 4.8.2.2 Packaging 90% compostable/recyclable

R 4.8.2.3 Plastics marked in packaging materials

R 4.8.3.1 Recovered content in select fiber-based packaging materials

O 4.8.4.1 Provision of take-back service for packaging

4.9 Consumables

R 4.9.1.1 Allow use of general office paper with renewable content, recycled content, and that is chlorine free

R 4.9.2.1 Allow use of non-manufacturer cartridges and non-manufacturer containers

R 4.9.3.1 Provision of take-back and end-of-life management for cartridges and containers

O 4.9.3.2 Manufacturer recycles or reuses toner material collected through its cartridge and container take-back program

O 4.9.3.3 Manufacturer recycles or reuses plastics collected through its cartridge and container take-back program

R 4.9.4.1 Documentation that the cartridge or container is not designed to prevent its reuse and recycling

4.10 Indoor air quality

R 4.10.1.1 Indoor air quality emissions requirements

Televisions

NOTE: EPEAT®’s rating system is based on public standards developed in a consensus based process. The IEEE 1680 and 1680.3 standards on which the EPEAT Television category is based contain essential information that is not available on this web site. It is necessary to own a copy of the IEEE 1680 and 1680.3 standards in order to declare a product. You can purchase the standard at TechStreet.

Please note – criteria are marked with an ‘R’ or an ‘O’ in their title to indicate whether they are Required or Optional.

4.1 Reduction of use of hazardous substances

R 4.1.1.1 Compliance with provisions of European Union (EU) RoHS Directive

O 4.1.2.1 Further reduction of the use of EU RoHS Directive hazardous substances (cadmium)

R 4.1.3.1 Reporting on amount of mercury in light sources

O 4.1.3.2 Use of non-mercury containing light sources

O 4.1.4.1 Further reduction of the use of EU RoHS Directive hazardous substances (lead)

O 4.1.5.1 Reduction of substances on the EU REACH Candidate List of SVHCs

R 4.1.6.1 Compliance with provisions of EU Battery Directive

O 4.1.7.1 Reducing BFR/CFR/PVC content of external plastic casings

O 4.1.7.2 Eliminating or reducing BFR/CFR content of printed circuit board laminates

O 4.1.7.3 Eliminating or reducing BFR/CFR/PVC content of product

O 4.1.8.1 Reduce fluorinated gas emissions resulting from flat panel display manufacturing

O 4.1.9.1 Inventory of intentionally added chemicals residing in the product

4.2 Materials selection

R 4.2.1.1 Declaration of postconsumer recycled plastic content

O 4.2.1.2 Minimum 5% to 10% content of postconsumer recycled plastic

O 4.2.1.3 Minimum 25% content of postconsumer recycled plastic

R 4.2.2.1 Declaration of biobased plastic materials content

O 4.2.2.2 Minimum content of biobased plastic material

R 4.2.3.1 Declaration of product weight

4.3 Design for end of life

R 4.3.1.1 Ease of disassembly of product

O 4.3.2.1 One recyclable plastic type per rigid plastic part > 25g

R 4.3.2.2 Plastic markings

O 4.3.2.3 Manual separation of plastics for recycling

O 4.3.2.4 Molded/glued-in metal eliminated or removable

R 4.3.2.5 Restriction on materials not compatible with reuse and recycling

R 4.3.3.1 Notification regarding and the identification of materials and components with special handling needs

O 4.3.3.2 Marking provided on the product identifying items containing materials with special handling needs

R 4.3.4.1 Minimum reusable/recyclable rate based on EU WEEE Directive

O 4.3.4.2 Minimum 90% reusable/recyclable

O 4.3.4.3 Preparation of end-of-life characterization report

4.4 Product longevity/life cycle extension

R 4.4.1.1 Upgradeable firmware

R 4.4.2.1 Service information readily available

R 4.4.3.1 Early failure process

4.5 Energy conservation

R 4.5.1.1 Compliance with current ENERGY STAR® specification

O 4.5.1.2 On Mode power performance exceeding ENERGY STAR®

O 4.5.2.1 Additional On Mode power performance exceeding ENERGY STAR®

O 4.5.2.2 Low standby power

O 4.5.2.3 Automatic switch to sleep mode

4.6 End of life management

R 4.6.1.1 Provision of product take-back service

O 4.6.1.2 Provision of take-back service for broader scope of products

R 4.6.2.1 End-of-life processing requirements

O 4.6.2.2 Certification of programs exempt from end-of-life processing requirements

4.7 Corporate performance

R 4.7.1.1 Self-declared environmental management system for design and manufacturing organizations

O 4.7.1.2 Third-party certified environmental management system for design and manufacturing organizations

R 4.7.2.1 Public disclosure of key environmental aspects

O 4.7.2.2 Public disclosure of supply chain toxics

O 4.7.3.1 Product life-cycle assessment and public disclosure of analyses

4.8 Packaging

R 4.8.1.1 Elimination of intentionally added heavy metals in packaging

R 4.8.1.2 Elimination of elemental chlorine as a bleaching agent in packaging material

R 4.8.2.1 Separable packaging materials

O 4.8.2.2 Packaging 90% compostable/recyclable

R 4.8.2.3 Plastics marked in packaging materials

R 4.8.3.1 Recovered content in select fiber-based packaging materials

O 4.8.4.1 Provision of take-back service for packaging